The Axolotl is considered one of the rarest animals in the world and in this article you will discover why.
This rare amphibian was discovered over 150 years ago and has characteristics that have never been seen in any other species discovered before or since.
The axolotl, an animal that comes from the waters of Mexico, has a very strange physical appearance but its virtues go much further.
Currently the Ambystoma mexicanum is in a critical state of threat, prone to disappear.
Most curious facts about the Axolotl Salamander
The main characteristic of this animal and the one that makes it rare and at the same time wonderful and unique, is that it has the capacity to regenerate its extremities, organs and tissues that have been amputated.
This capacity even extends to vital organs such as the brain and heart.
What is really amazing about this event is that it can regenerate your bones, nerves or tissues in a matter of weeks and without leaving any after-effects from the accident you suffered.
Behind this rare animal is one of the most important findings that science has made, what are we talking about?
It was determined that the Axolotl has the largest sequenced genome discovered in history.
Its genome is at least 100 times larger than the human genome.
This strange animal can measure up to 30 cm, however the average length is 15 cm. Its weight is only 60 to 230 grams.
This rare amphibian can be compared to a tadpole for some of its similar physical appearance characteristics.
Although it can be easily differentiated by its small eyes, tail, totally smooth skin, thin legs and toes. In addition, by its small teeth distributed in rows.
The pigmentation of the axolotl can vary, some specimens may be gray, brown, white, golden albino, white albino, black, but mostly dark brown prevails.
This animal has three pairs of gills in the form of feathers that are born from the base of its head and are located backwards.
Another of its many impressive characteristics is that it preserves its larval aspect until the adult stage.
That is to say, that all its life it gives the impression that it lacks development.
They are not considered dangerous animals, on the contrary, they have a generally calm behavior. On average, they can live up to 15 years of age.
Where can we find the Axolotls?
This strange amphibian lives in fresh water. It differs from other salamanders by remaining in the water, so it is called a completely aquatic animal.
These animals can also live in captivity, under the right conditions of temperature, water, light and other factors that suit their needs.
If these conditions are met, they can live in aquariums normally.
Geographically, this amphibian is native to the waters of the Valley of Mexico, although we can currently only locate them in Lake Xochimilco, near Mexico City.
How the Axolotl is fed?
These animals come out of their drowsiness at night to go in search of food, for this they use their sense of smell.
Because they have such small teeth, the axolotl cannot chew, so it cannot crush its prey but absorbs it.
These amphibians can ingest different foods, in their natural habitat their diet can be composed of small fish, fry and crustaceans such as acocilli, molluscs, worms and insect larvae.
In captivity, they are fed earthworms, worms and small pieces of turkey meat, chicken or fish.
A curious fact about these animals is that when they are young they feed every day, but as time goes by and they become adults they feed about 2 or 4 times a week.
Reproduction of the Axolotl
We are dealing with a species that can preserve its juvenile state in the adult organism, so they can reach sexual maturity even if they possess larval characteristics.
These animals mature sexually after 12 or 18 months, from which time courtship can begin.
Courtship begins when the male calls the attention of the female after pushing his tail into his partner’s sewer, and then both dance in circles.
These animals lay about 200 to 300 eggs which are deposited in the vegetation around their habitat or can be attached to rocks.
After 10 to 14 days they will hatch.
What are the Axolotl predators?
Among the main predators of the Mexican ajolote are some species of fish, including Carp and Tilapia.
These fish were introduced to Lake Xochimilco in the year and have since become the main threat to the animals that naturally inhabit the lake, including of course the axolotl.