The Purple Frog, Bhupathy’s purple frog or Purple Pig-nosed frog, is a rare amphibian that was discovered in 2003 in the deep mountains of India.
This frog is part of the list of the rarest animals on earth as it is very different from the type of frogs we are all used to seeing.
Main characteristics of the Purple Frog
The purple frog is a rare amphibian with the scientific name Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis and is part of the family Nasikabatrachidae.
This rare species of amphibians is a totally unique animal. Its rarity lies not only in its wonderful bright purple pigmentation, but also in its physical characteristics.
Of these, the first thing that stands out is its robust oval body and its particular pointed snout, which is why it is also known as the pig-nosed frog.
This, which is considered the rarest frog in the world, has calcified bones as a result of its digging habits. For this yearling uses its shovel-like legs to dig into the earth where it will go.
On the other hand, this strange animal species has an average size of about 7 cm and weighs about 140 grams.
Other aspects of its physiognomy show that it has short and thick legs, a very small head disproportionate to the large size of its body.
It has tiny eyes and underneath them a narrow mouth with a flexible lower jaw. If you touch him, you will notice that his skin is quite smooth.
Like other anuran species, this frog emits characteristic sounds from deep within the earth.
In relation to its behaviour we have that it is a quiet animal and most of its life is spent in solitude, away from the surface of nature and from the members of its species.
This species is on the lists of threatened animals of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), due to the loss of its natural habitat, caused by the continuous felling of trees, thus destroying its forest area.
Habitat and Geographical distribution of this Strange Amphibian
The Purple Frog uses its shovel-shaped hind limbs, with the help of its front legs, to dig the earth and thus live in burrows about 6 meters deep.
It is in these burrows that it spends most of its life.
This amphibian lives in mountainous areas and forests where plantations are abundant, as well as in those areas where there are no alterations.
We must take into account that these animals require a series of characteristics in order to inhabit a certain area.
For example, to live underground, the Purple Frog needs loose, highly humid and aerated soils, which is why they always stay near ponds and streams.
The Purple Frog originates from the Western Ghats in India, but it is not limited to this region. It is also found in Kettapana and near Idukki in Kerala.
What the Purple Frog feeds on
This species does not come out of the depths to feed, so it does not need to. The purple frog is a very active animal when it comes to finding food.
For this activity it uses its touch-sensitive snout, and with the help of its tongue it passes through termite and ant tunnels to capture them, a task that is easy for it thanks to the shape and opening of its mouth.
Purple Pig-nosed frog reproduction
The only way to see the purple frog on the surface is when the breeding season arrives. This frog emerges from the depths for a couple of weeks for the amplexus.
During this time, a large number of this species is found in the vicinity of streams or areas where water is flowing.
To attract its mate the Purple Frog emits characteristic sounds.
Once the male finds his mate, he attracts her, holding her under his front legs or over his back legs.
After mating, they deposit fertilized eggs in streams, and after about one or two days these hatch into tadpoles.
These tadpoles are characterized by developing mouths similar to remoras. They use the opening of their mouth to hold on to the rocks behind the jets produced by the rains. There they remain for at least 120 days feeding on algae.
Once the larval stage is over, these frogs come to develop their lives deep in the earth.