The rare animal species that inhabit our planet are truly amazing and many of them are reptiles that possess amazing characteristics.
In this article we show you the ranking of the 5 rarest reptiles in the world, animals with unusual appearance and peculiarities.
The 5 rarest reptiles in the world
1. Flying Dragon (Draco volans)
The flying dragon is the animal that heads this small list of rare reptiles. It is a species that lives in the wooded areas of southern India, Asia, the Philippines and Borneo.
Flying dragons are very popular among followers of rare animals as this genus has the ability to glide from tree to tree by opening its folding membranes or patagia, but being unable to reach long distances or heights.
2. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
The Gharial or also called Gavial, member of the family Gavialidae, is one of the rarest reptiles in the world. This animal from the Asian continent is given this position because of its strange and curious appearance.
The muzzle of the Fish-eating Crocodile has an extended and flattened aspect with a small protuberance at the end of it, what really calls the attention of its curious muzzle is not only its appearance, but as time passes it becomes more fragile and fine.
3. Marine Iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus)
The next rare species position in the world is occupied by a reptile that lives only in the Galapagos Islands. This order is considered rare because they are the only ones that have overlapped with marine life.
The Marine Iguana measures 1.3 meters and takes advantage of the sun’s rays to increase its anatomical temperature, since it spends most of its time submerged in the freezing waters, having it very clear that by themselves they do not have the capacity to regulate their body temperature.
4. Matamata Turtle (Chelus Fimbriatus)
The Matamata Turtle is the next reptile on the list with rare characteristics to humans.
The matamata turtle has a rare shape in its head: long, flat and with a curious triangular appearance, endowed with a peculiar snout visibly prolonged with a tubular structure that catches the attention immediately.
Likewise, it is important to take into account other peculiarities of this medium sized animal, highlighting among them its ability to hold its breath when submerged in the water.
5. Thorny Devil (Moloch Horridus)
The last animal in our category of strange reptiles to inhabit our planet earth is one with characteristics simply new to us: the Spiny Devil.
It has a valuable virtue envied by any other species, since thanks to its ability to alter the pigmentation of your skin can go unnoticed by potential predators.
In addition to remaining stunned for a long time, this harmless animal has the ability to consume water through its skin.
As impossible as it may seem, its body performs this task in a simple way through its capillaries or ducts until it reaches its mouth.
Characteristics of the Rarest Reptiles
Because they are such a diverse group, their physical and behavioral characteristics are also diverse. Here are some of them.
Firstly, these reptiles have a strong skin that is sometimes covered by scales made of a fibrous material called keratin and in others by a shell, for example in the case of the matamata turtle.
In general, the extremities of this group of rare species are short and still allow them to perform multiple tasks, including digging or swimming.
These animals cannot control their body temperature and some of them ingest water through their skin, for example the spiny dragon.
In addition, the marine reptiles of this small group of rare species, among them the marine iguana, have the ability to accommodate oxygen inside their body and this benefits them when they dive into the sea.
Rare reptile habitat
The ideal habitat for these animals is those areas where the temperature is constantly high, because they obey this factor to maintain their body temperature.
However, this does not prevent these animals from living in land, tree or water areas.
How they feed?
These rare reptiles are mostly known for their carnivorous eating habits, and also for their inability to grind up food to be eaten despite being provided with teeth.
On the other hand, a very important fact of those species belonging to the herbivorous reptiles is that these animals ingest rocks that help them with digestion when they crumble any vegetable element that is inside.
Form of reproduction
The reproduction of these rare reptiles is oviparous with a mode of internal fertilization.
Once the sexual act is finished, the male puts the sperm inside his partner. When fertilized, the latter’s body will respond by covering the zygote with a hard shell.